Statistics succinctly depict the state of displacement around the world today. Over 65 million people are currently displaced, including more than 21 million refugees. Most refugees seek asylum in countries close to home (eight out of ten refugees live in neighbouring countries) with the burden falling on lower and middle-income countries. 86% of the world’s refugees are being hosted in developing regions. More than 75% of all displaced people live outside organised camps. The paper concludes by identifying the different ways in which the lives and livelihoods of refugees residing outside camps in protracted displacement can be better supported.
The handbook aims at providing a practical methodology for a bottom-up approach to durable solutions planning, based on durable solutions targets identified by displacement affected communities at decentralized level, in post-conflict or post-disaster settings. It is developed in response to the feedback received on the use of the Preliminary Operational Guide on Durable Solutions (hereafter: the Guide), which was published in 2016 in implementation of the 2011 Decision of the Secretary-General on Durable Solutions calling for guidance in developing durable solutions strategies for IDPs and returning refugees.
This briefing paper focuses on internal displacement and the 2030 Agenda on sustainable development in 2017.As governments, international agencies, civil society and experts gather for the annual high-level political forum on sustainable development in New York, internal displacement is unlikely to be the first thing on their minds. While reviewing progress against the targets and indicators for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the negative impacts of development on vulnerable people, including those affected by crises, conflicts and disasters, will be left out of the discussion. And yet they should be central.
More than 900,000 refugees have fled the brutal conflict in South Sudan and sought safety in Uganda with over 1000 refugees arriving each day. Uganda has a progressive refugee policy which is lauded by the international community, however, states have failed in their obligation to help Uganda and have not provided an adequate response to this crisis. This has meant basic needs including access to food, water, sanitation, health care and shelter not being met. The report calls on donors to urgently meet financial needs and support for technical assistance required to support Uganda’s progressive refugee policy.
The size and longevity of many refugee camps across the world are indicative of the permanent rather than transient nature of displaced populations. With more than 65 million people currently displaced from their homes due to political conflict and natural disaster, there is a growing need to find better ways for refugees to achieve self-sufficiency and serve as economic engines in their host countries. However, the financial infrastructure in these communities, particularly in banking, payments and remittances, remains inadequate. With no end in sight to mass displacement, the current approach is neither sustainable nor reflective of our responsibility to these communities. This report combines the strategic and data-driven research expertise of Mastercard and Western Union to detail the current state of refugee settlement economies and set out a plan to improve financial service delivery.
All displaced people need some form of shelter. Whatever the type of shelter which is found, provided or built, it needs to answer multiple needs: protection from the elements, physical security, safety, comfort, emotional security, some mitigation of risk and unease, and even, as time passes, some semblance of home and community. This FMR looks at the complexity of approaches to shelter both as a physical object in a physical location and as a response to essential human needs. It also contains seven ‘general’ articles on other forced migration topics.
The New York Declaration calls for the development of two new global "compacts" to be adopted by the UN General Assembly in late 2018, one on refugees, the other for safe, orderly and regular migration. This briefing paper provides a better understanding on the Global compact on refugees
DFID commissioned a series of thematic evaluations focused on protracted crises, using Ethiopia, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Pakistan as case studies. This report presents interim findings from the study to date
Cities are at the forefront of receiving migrants, refugees and displaced persons. For many on the move, cities are spaces of opportunity and hope in which to build new lives. The current period is seeing a range of new challenges emerge as migrants and refugees find themselves in vulnerable situations in relation to housing, access to basic services, employment, education and urban community life in all regions of the world. The protection and inclusion of migrants and refugees in vulnerable situations requires improved coordination within and across local governments to align humanitarian, migration and sustainable urban development agendas. This report highlights a range of new challenges currently facing migrants and refugees.
Compact agreements have emerged as a new approach, bringing together donors and development and humanitarian actors under host-country leadership for multiyear agreements to achieve defined, sustainable outcomes for refugees and host communities. Under a compact framework, diverse actors make mutually reinforcing commitments to resources, policy changes, and projects designed to achieve a shared vision. This report highlights the significance of compact agreements which bring together various actors under host-country leadership to achieve defined, sustainable outcomes for refugees and host communities.