Around 5,000 Eritreans leave their country every month. This working paper sets out to better understand whether, by providing alternative options, it is possible for policy-makers to prevent or reduce irregular migration from countries- and regions-of-origin.
Large amounts of data on forced displacement are collected and disseminated each year and used to inform policy and programming by humanitarian and development actors. However, not all of these data are credible or complete, and there are significant gaps in the data required for longer-term development planning. This paper reviews the various sources of data on forced displacement and assesses how these can be improved to enable more effective analysis and assistance by development actors. At an aggregate level, the headline figure of 65 million forcibly displaced persons is an estimate, and the data on internally displaced persons are the least robust.
This report provides an original analysis of the economic and social impact of refugees in Kenya’s Kakuma refugee camp on their Turkana hosts. The methodology authors have developed enables stakeholders to run policy scenarios in a rigorous manner, ranging from encampment to decampment (i.e. camp closure) scenarios, and the potential to apply this methodology in other refugee situations around the world is particularly advantageous.
This report from IRC presents an analysis of the challenges that displaced populations face in accessing services and achieving self-reliance in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, a developing and fast-growing city. The findings and recommendations, intended primarily for humanitarian actors, are derived from qualitative research conducted in Dar es Salaam between March and October 2016. This research draws upon the perspectives and experiences of urban displaced, Tanzanians, local and national government, and organisations directly involved with urban refugee programming in the city.
IRC conducted a systematic review to research the current state of knowledge regarding the drivers of violence, the contributing factors of violence or rights violations, and programming to address violence among displaced and host populations in crisis and post-crisis urban areas. Urban displaced are exposed to drivers of violence unique to urban areas as well as others shared across a variety of humanitarian settings, including refugee camps. Economic strain, the inability to meet basic food and shelter needs, lack of legal protections, and broad discrimination against refugees and IDP populations by host communities are all examples of challenges specific to displaced populations in urban areas that contribute to the violence they experience.
This report from CWS draws on interviews and household surveys with urban returnees in Côte d'Ivoire and Rwanda, with the goal of identifying links between urbanization and return dynamics in town and small city contexts. The data collected indicates that urbanization is occurring from the point of flight into country of asylum and secondary displacement in exile, through to returns to country of origin and post-return internal migration. Given this reality, it is increasingly necessary for voluntary repatriation policy and operations to reflect dynamics in urban and non-camp settings.
Launched with the support from the African Union and the Norwegian Refugee Council, the report focusing on Africa, expands on data and analysis available on Internal Displacement including new figures from the first half of 2016.
This report calls for the government of Kenya to immediately halt the return process and for UNHCR and the international community to stop facilitating it but rather support longer term sustainable solutions for Somali and other refugees in Kenya, including opportunities to integrate into host communities and significantly increased resettlement places to meaningfully share responsibility with Kenya.
This paper is based on preliminary fieldwork in Kenya conducted as part of ‘Refugee Economies’ research led by the Humanitarian Innovation Project (HIP) in order to better understand and support the economic lives of refugees. The paper looked at a.) what types of livelihoods strategies are employed by refugees living in Nairobi and Kakuma refugee camp and b.) what are the potential factors that differentiate refugees’ economic lives from local host communities and amongst different refugee populations