This report from CWS draws on interviews and household surveys with urban returnees in Côte d'Ivoire and Rwanda, with the goal of identifying links between urbanization and return dynamics in town and small city contexts. The data collected indicates that urbanization is occurring from the point of flight into country of asylum and secondary displacement in exile, through to returns to country of origin and post-return internal migration. Given this reality, it is increasingly necessary for voluntary repatriation policy and operations to reflect dynamics in urban and non-camp settings.
Launched with the support from the African Union and the Norwegian Refugee Council, the report focusing on Africa, expands on data and analysis available on Internal Displacement including new figures from the first half of 2016.
This report calls for the government of Kenya to immediately halt the return process and for UNHCR and the international community to stop facilitating it but rather support longer term sustainable solutions for Somali and other refugees in Kenya, including opportunities to integrate into host communities and significantly increased resettlement places to meaningfully share responsibility with Kenya.
This paper is based on preliminary fieldwork in Kenya conducted as part of ‘Refugee Economies’ research led by the Humanitarian Innovation Project (HIP) in order to better understand and support the economic lives of refugees. The paper looked at a.) what types of livelihoods strategies are employed by refugees living in Nairobi and Kakuma refugee camp and b.) what are the potential factors that differentiate refugees’ economic lives from local host communities and amongst different refugee populations
This study conducted in Uganda has found that humanitarian assistance for refugees creates significant economic benefits for the local economy, and these benefits are greater when the assistance is in the form of cash transfers and land for agricultural production.
Findings from this study show that the form of infrastructure available in a camp has implications for safety and sustainability, refugee livelihoods, and refugee-host relations. Interventions to improve resource provision and camp infrastructure must consider the various consequences for differently positioned actors.
More than eight out of ten refugees surveyed say they do not want to return, with the main concerns cited including fear of forced recruitment into armed groups, sexual violence and the non-availability of healthcare. The report calls to Kenya, the UNHCR and donors that consideration of other durable solutions is urgently required.
In the 23 feature theme articles in this issue of FMR, authors from around the world – including authors who are themselves displaced – explore the capacity of communities to organise themselves before, during and after displacement in ways that help protect the community.
This report, authored by Karen Jacobsen and Susan Fratzke, examines the different ways in which aid agencies - and increasingly development agencies - are supporting the livelihood efforts of refugees, and the challenges in realizing the potential of these approaches and in understanding the impact and value of such programs. The authors offer a range of recommendations to improve effectiveness.
This report looks closely at the complex realities and lives of forcibly displaced people around the world, with the aim of providing a better characterization of the crisis. The report seeks to clarify the meaning of terms like refugees, migrants, forcibly displaced persons, and internally displaced persons and aims to present a measured, evidence-based, proportional tone to the discourse surrounding the crisis. Not just a humanitarian issue, forced displacement is emerging as an important development challenge, and the development approach to providing support to it is multi-fold.