This paper discusses questions on: What refugee return initiatives have occurred in the Africa region? What lessons have been learnt from successful/sustainable return processes across the world, especially in relation to protracted refugee situations?
The aim of this study is to identify the conditions that influence the decisions by refugees in protracted displacement regarding return to their home country - when, why, and by whom are decisions on return or other coping strategies made, and how are these decisions affected both by life in exile and by the situation in the country of origin.
The purpose of this paper is to help re-think displacement in the context of today’s crises. Sustainably addressing displacement requires the work of political actors, development experts, human rights advocates, data specialists and many other stakeholders.
Protracted Displacement: Uncertain paths to self reliance in exile (September 2015) was commissioned by the Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG)- Overseas Development Institute. The paper presents a pilot tool to begin understanding the opportunities for self-reliance and livelihood assistance afforded by various situations of displacement.
The study analyzes the forced displacement and development nexus, explore the mixed migration phenomenon, assess the impacts of refugees and migrants on hosting areas and communities, identify ongoing innovative interventions, and propose entry points and practical steps to address the development dimensions of forced displacement and mixed migration in the HOA, including regional operations, institutional reforms, and policy changes.