Though the report is six years old, nearly similar sentiments are echoed in recent studies and interviews. Self-reliance program cited in different studies broadly fall in two categories – economic issues, and behavioral issues reflecting government permissiveness and refugee attitudes. A third dimension reflecting challenges in execution is rarely discussed in studies and interviews.
The displacement of refugees and IDPs is pre-eminently a humanitarian and a human rights challenge. But large-scale displacement crises also present significant development opportunities and challenges, in addition to the humanitarian needs and the ‘humanitarian imperative’.