The Indian Ocean tsunami disaster and the Darfur crisis compelled me to commission an independent study to evaluate the humanitarian response system. The findings of the Humanitarian Response Review (HRR) spoke loud and clear: while, over the years, we had managed to save millions of lives, our response system was plagued by severe gaps.
There are an estimated 33 million people internally displaced by conflict and violence.1 Children make up at least 50 per cent of internally displaced people (IDPs) worldwide.2 Particularly vulnerable to all forms of violence, abuse and exploitation, they face harsh protection risks during flight and displacement.
The Refugee Studies Centre’s (RSC) Forced Migration Policy Briefings seek to highlight the very best and latest policy-relevant research findings from the fields of forced migration and humanitarian studies.
In recent years, studies have been carried out, campaigns have been launched, and considerable thought has gone into how to resolve protracted refugee situations. Academics and practitioners alike have grappled with the difficulties in finding solutions for refugees who have lived in camps for far too long.
For many of the thousands of refugees living in Dadaab, northeastern Kenya, the passage from one humanitarian crisis to the next is nothing new. The vast majority fled conflict in Somalia and arrived to a ‘home’ that offers fear, insecurity and overcrowded living conditions as part of the daily reality. Many others have been born there, and know nothing but life in a refugee camp
Though the report is six years old, nearly similar sentiments are echoed in recent studies and interviews. Self-reliance program cited in different studies broadly fall in two categories – economic issues, and behavioral issues reflecting government permissiveness and refugee attitudes. A third dimension reflecting challenges in execution is rarely discussed in studies and interviews.