Unfinished Business: Kenya’s Efforts to address displacement and land issues in Coast Region

This report provides an overview of Kenya’s efforts to address displacement and land issues in the Coast Region. It highlights the challenges faced by internally displaced people (IDPs) in the region and the government’s response to their needs. The report emphasizes the importance of addressing land disputes and providing durable solutions for IDPs. It also discusses the role of the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights (KNCHR) and other stakeholders in advocating for the rights of IDPs. The report concludes with recommendations for the government and other actors to improve the situation and ensure the rights and well-being of IDPs in the Coast Region.


This joint report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) and the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights (KNCHR) focuses on the Coast region of Kenya, where internally displaced people (IDPs) have been less visible than in other parts of the country. The report highlights the key triggers and obstacles to durable solutions for displacement in the region, with a particular focus on land tenure issues and poor land governance. It identifies the close link between tenure insecurity and forced evictions, as well as the competition for limited resources, including land, that arises from disasters and contributes to violence between herdsmen and farmers.

The report acknowledges the steps taken by the government to address internal displacement and land issues, but emphasizes the need to adopt and implement relevant laws and policies as a matter of urgency. It also makes recommendations to national and county authorities, the international community, civil society, and businesses to better address the protection and assistance needs of IDPs and to prevent new displacement. The report is based on extensive desk research and a joint mission to the Coast region, and it provides examples of land issues underlying displacement caused by violence, disasters, and human rights violations.


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