The Horn of Africa (HOA) is a region plagued by weak governance, insecurity, environmental degradation, poverty, and various development challenges. Conflict is endemic in this area, and its cultural, social, and political complexities make it even more difficult to address. The region also faces demographic shifts, population growth, imbalanced service provision, inaccessibility, pandemic diseases, conflicts over resources, and harsh climatic conditions like droughts and floods.
This study aimed to analyze the forced displacement and development relationship, explore mixed migration, assess the impacts on hosting areas, identify innovative interventions, and propose practical steps to address these issues in the HOA. The study emphasizes the need for regional operations, institutional reforms, and policy changes to tackle the development dimensions of forced displacement and mixed migration. By understanding the challenges and implementing appropriate measures, the HOA can work towards sustainable development and improve the lives of both refugees and host communities.