Forced displacement is a pressing global issue, with approximately 65 million people living in forced displacement. This crisis primarily affects developing countries and is primarily caused by long-lasting conflicts. The majority of forcibly displaced individuals are refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs). Development actors have a crucial role to play in addressing the medium-term socio-economic dimensions of forced displacement. Their objective is to reduce poverty among both the forcibly displaced and their host communities, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals.
To support the forcibly displaced, development actors must focus on reducing vulnerabilities specific to this group. Catastrophic losses of assets and trauma often trap the forcibly displaced in poverty, necessitating targeted interventions. Development actors should also help manage the shock caused by an influx of forcibly displaced persons in host communities. This involves supporting the provision of services, strengthening social protection systems, and addressing long-standing development issues that may be exacerbated by the presence of forcibly displaced persons.
A pragmatic approach that combines efforts from both humanitarian and development actors is essential. Collaboration and coordination between these actors, as well as with governments, the private sector, and civil society, will lead to more effective and sustainable solutions. Development actors can contribute financial resources, analytical and advisory services, and innovative financing solutions to leverage private sector engagement. However, it is important to recognize the distinct roles and limitations of development actors in addressing the political and legal aspects of forced displacement.