Forcibly Displaced: Toward a development approach supporting refugees, the internally displaced, and their hosts

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the challenges faced by forcibly displaced populations and their host communities. It emphasizes the need for a development-focused approach to address the complex issues arising from forced displacement. The report highlights the importance of integrating refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) into national development plans, promoting their self-reliance, and fostering social cohesion between displaced populations and host communities. Key recommendations include enhancing access to education, healthcare, and livelihood opportunities, providing legal protection, and promoting inclusion in the labor market. The report calls for increased funding and coordination among stakeholders to effectively address the challenges of forced displacement and create a more inclusive and sustainable future for displaced populations.


Forced displacement is a pressing global issue, with approximately 65 million people living in forced displacement. This crisis primarily affects developing countries and is primarily caused by long-lasting conflicts. The majority of forcibly displaced individuals are refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs). Development actors have a crucial role to play in addressing the medium-term socio-economic dimensions of forced displacement. Their objective is to reduce poverty among both the forcibly displaced and their host communities, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals.

To support the forcibly displaced, development actors must focus on reducing vulnerabilities specific to this group. Catastrophic losses of assets and trauma often trap the forcibly displaced in poverty, necessitating targeted interventions. Development actors should also help manage the shock caused by an influx of forcibly displaced persons in host communities. This involves supporting the provision of services, strengthening social protection systems, and addressing long-standing development issues that may be exacerbated by the presence of forcibly displaced persons.

A pragmatic approach that combines efforts from both humanitarian and development actors is essential. Collaboration and coordination between these actors, as well as with governments, the private sector, and civil society, will lead to more effective and sustainable solutions. Development actors can contribute financial resources, analytical and advisory services, and innovative financing solutions to leverage private sector engagement. However, it is important to recognize the distinct roles and limitations of development actors in addressing the political and legal aspects of forced displacement.


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