Protracted displacement: uncertain paths to self-reliance in exile

This report provides an overview of the global situation concerning protracted displacement, focusing on refugees and internally displaced persons who have been displaced for long periods. It highlights the increasing number of individuals living in displacement, with half of all refugees having been in exile for over ten years by the end of 2014. The report examines the geographic distribution of protracted displacement, funding challenges, and the importance of self-reliance and livelihood support for displaced individuals. It also presents a pilot tool to assess opportunities for assistance and offers recommendations for addressing the needs of those in protracted displacement and promoting their self-sufficiency.


With more than 60 million refugees and internally displaced persons around the world, more and more people have been displaced for years on end. At the end of 2014, half of all refugees had been in exile for over ten years. This report maps the global state of protracted displacement, examining patterns and trends in numbers, geographic spread and funding.

This study also reviews current evidence on support for self-reliance and investments in livelihoods amongst people in protracted displacement and suggests ways forward. It presents a pilot tool to begin understanding the opportunities for self-reliance and livelihood assistance for displaced people. It is a basic typology for where assistance is needed and what kind of assistance may be best suited to the situation at hand.


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