Tanzania Solutions Analysis 2017 (Full report)

In February and March 2017, ReDSS members conducted a local integration analysis in Tanzania. The analysis aimed at identifying gaps and opportunities to inform local integration planning and programing for the naturalized Tanzanians (former 1972 Burundian refugees). The findings and recommendations have been used to support the national government in shaping the priorities of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) process in Tanzania. The analysis recommends some programmatic entry points to address identified gaps, such as legal empowerment, improving economic opportunities and service delivery, and strengthening social cohesion. It also suggests some procedural steps to advance the local integration process, such as finalizing the SPLI, establishing a coordination mechanism, mobilizing resources, and conducting further research. The analysis concludes that the naturalization of refugees in Tanzania was a landmark decision that offers valuable lessons for other contexts.


This report is a solutions analysis/ local integration analysis of the naturalized Tanzanians who were former Burundian refugees who fled civil war in 1972. The analysis was conducted by the Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS) in 2017, using a framework that measures physical, material and legal safety of the displaced populations in comparison to the host communities. The analysis aims to inform the implementation of the government’s local integration strategy (SPLI) and the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) in Tanzania.

The analysis reveals that the naturalized Tanzanians have enjoyed a high degree of de facto integration over the years, thanks to the generous allocation of land and the provision of citizenship by the Tanzanian government. However, some specific barriers to local integration remain, such as the status of the settlement land, which limits security of tenure and livelihood opportunities; the lack of access to credit and formal employment; the administrative issues related to documentation and contracts; and the low awareness of rights and entitlements among the naturalized and host communities.


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