Meaningful Participation in Local Governance Systems for Marginalised Communities in Somalia

The research brief examines challenges to participation for marginalized groups in Somalia. It identifies key factors for inclusion, including forums for dialogue and resources for bargaining. It acknowledges the limitations of external actors and the complexity of Somali social and political systems. The brief calls for targeted support for vulnerable groups, local inclusion strategies, and engagement with traditional and religious leaders. It recommends that aid actors adapt their approaches and support collective bargaining and government efforts for meaningful participation.


This research brief explores the challenges marginalized communities in Somalia face in participating in local governance. It examines social and political barriers, particularly for internally displaced people and minority clans. The brief highlights the need for willingness and resources for meaningful participation, and the limitations of external actors in influencing these complex systems.

It proposes a model for inclusion that involves forums for marginalized groups and representatives from various social structures. Incentives and resources are seen as crucial for effective participation. The brief also acknowledges the difficulty of achieving inclusion due to security concerns, clan structures, and competition for resources and provides recommendations for action for different stakeholders.


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